What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any webpage. The usefulness of cookies is that the webpage can remember your visit when you return to surf this page again. Although many people do not know cookies have been in use for 20 years, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web started to appear.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is not a virus or a Trojan, not a worm, or spam, or spyware, or opens pop-up windows.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit card/bank account information, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data stored is technical, your personal preferences, content personalization, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but your web browser. In fact, if you regularly browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same webpage with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are associating the browser, and not the person.
What kind of cookies are there?
- Technical Cookies: These are the most basic and allows, among other things, knowing when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous user navigates or a registered user, basic task for running any dynamic webpage.
- Analytical Cookies: Collects information on the type of navigation performed, the most used sections, which products where consulted, and time and period of use, language, etc.
- Advertising Cookies: display advertising based on their navigation habits, their country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and Third party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting, and third party cookies are generated by internal or external providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
To understand the scope of what may come when disabling cookies, we show you some examples:
- You cannot share content from this site on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not adapt content to your personal preferences, as often happens in online stores.
- You cannot access the personal areas of the webpage, such as My Account, or My Profile or My orders.
- Online Stores: It will be impossible to make purchases online, the orders would have to be by phone or by visiting the physical store if available.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website cannot perform web analytics about visitors and web traffic, making it difficult to be competitive anywhere.
- You cannot write on the blog, upload photos, post comments, evaluate or rate content. The webpage may not know whether you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- No sectored advertising may show, which will reduce the webpage’s advertising revenue.
Can I delete cookies?
Yes. Not only eliminate, also block, either completely or for a specific domain.
To remove cookies from a website you should go to your browser settings and there you can find the cookies associated with the domain in question and proceed to its elimination.
Configuring cookies for most popular browsers
Here’s how to access a specific cookie of the Chrome browser. Note: These steps may vary depending on the browser version:
- Go to Settings or Preferences via the File menu, or by clicking the customization icon that appears in the above right corner.
- You will see different sections, click on Show Advanced Options.
- Go to Privacy, then Content settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list will appear with all cookies ordered by domain. To make it easier to find cookies of a domain enter the domain address partially or totally in the search cookies field.
- After filtering, one or more lines with the requested Webpage cookies will show on screen. All you need to do now is select and click on the X to disable them.
To access the cookies settings on Internet Explorer, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Tools, then Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the level of privacy you want.
To access the cookies settings on Firefox, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences, depending on your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History select Use a customized history setting.
- You will now see the Accept Cookies option, which you can turn on or off at your desired.
To access the cookie settings on the Safari browser for OSX, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Preferences, then to Privacy.
- You’ll see the Block cookies option, where you can adjust the desired blocking level.
To access the cookie settings in the Safari browser for iOS, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Settings, then to Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, where you’ll see the Block cookies option, and adjust the type of blocking as desired.
To access the cookies settings for the Android devices, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Run the browser and press the Menu key, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy where you’ll see the Accept cookies option which you can enable or disable.
To access the cookies settings on the Windows Phone, follow these steps (these may vary depending on the browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then click on More, then Settings
- You can now enable or disable the Allow cookies box as desired.